PhD researcher Ieva Gudaitytė writes about the lessons and experiences learned through the first year of the Independent Community Radio Network (ICRN) – a Baltic-Nordic initiative by members of the Palanga Street Radio (Vilnius), Tirkultura (Riga) and IDA (Tallinn and Helsinki).
“We have no idea what’s gonna happen, but let’s see,” are the opening words of the Independent Community Radio Network broadcast from IDA Radio, Helsinki studio. With this phrase, the uncertainty that goes into maintaining a small-scale independent media practice finds its way into the content: even if the phrase describes the sometimes funny, sometimes poetic, and sometimes truly existential nature of independent radio practice, the leap of faith taken when going on air is real. More than just a doubt, it is also an invitation; a call for the listener to take that leap together. “Let’s see” – namely, let’s see what can be the alternative ways of working, playing, and hosting together.
Independent Community Radio Network (ICRN) is turning a year old this January – and there is a lot to celebrate. Founded by Palanga Street Radio in Vilnius, Tirkultura in Riga, IDA Radio in Tallinn, and IDA Radio in Helsinki, the initiative has brought these small autonomous radio stations in the Nordic-Baltic region together by programming shared broadcasts, visiting each other in their respective cities, and discussing joys and losses, hopes and systematic challenges. The goal is to build ‘know-how’ for other do-it-yourself types of radio practices and learn from one another. This makes the network comparable to a small-scale self-sustained labour union, with members working together to increase resilience, promote alternative ways to create and share knowledge, and support others to start an (online) radio.
With help from the Nordic Culture Point mobility fund for networking, ICRN so far has organised two working trips together: one to Vilnius, Švenčionėliai and Riga, and another to Tallinn and Helsinki, where they were joined by like-minded colleagues from Cashmere Radio (Berlin), Resonance FM (London), and NTS (Manchester).
While they all learned from each other during round table discussions, live music broadcasts, sonic and interdisciplinary experiments, walks and studio hangouts, some core questions emerged around what the independent, community, or autonomous radio practice is, how its success can be measured, and what is needed to realise its full potential – both in terms of everyday working strategies and broader legal or financial support systems.
Definitions, identity and practicalities
For the community that enjoys cultural mischief and quirky experiments, definitions can be tricky. And although there are differences – for example, Tirkultura leans on the interdisciplinary arts world to create the Unexpected Sources Audio Gallery, IDA Radio sees itself as a platform for the niche local music scene, and Palanga Street Radio stands out for its explicitly DIY approach– the mutual understandings are more obvious, even when hard to pin down.
Sustainability, integrity, playfulness, independence, friendliness, openness, and diversity are keywords that ICRN radios relate to. Other common attributes are more tangible: the importance of having a physical studio, a place to be with other people; showcasing lesser-known voices; finding a fair way to share labour and maintain oneself financially. As observed by Shelley Tootell (Cashmere Radio) during a talk in Tallinn, “we can be helpful to each other and share experience, even if our paths are not 100% aligned at any one point in time”. If a radio is a vessel to mobilise like-minded people and offer forms of sound culture that are missing, the real help is to look for the fleeting moments of contact, not the permanent identity markers.
While searching for self is much more rewarding than trying to keep it intact, ICRN dedicates a significant amount of time to ensure the safety and continuity of similar autonomous radio groups. Members agree that the radio network first has “to serve [them]”: that is, allow an enjoyable way to broadcast and share knowledge together. This can only be made possible by sustaining physical spaces, technical setups, and ways to access them, which requires looking for ethical financial sources and efficient digital tools.
These processes examine the external and internal value of such grassroots community activities, and ways to balance their independence with sustainability: in other words, ask the questions of “what’s our labour” and “what are our working ethics.” Consequently, notions of ‘growth’, ‘success’ and/or ‘development’ of independent media come forward. Discussions around practical needs to “pay rent and buy toilet paper” are balanced with more ambitious structural changes – where and how to apply for funding or what kind of larger policy could help to have fun while ensuring such creative sounding laboratories keep on existing.
Answers, diversification and hope
In this sea of questions, there is a glimpse of answers. In terms of funding, ICRN members agree that the compromise most likely lies in diversifying support sources: using some crowdfunding platforms, working with several different project fundings, organising events, selling merchandise, and finding other forms of community support. While it takes more time to continuously keep looking for ideas and open calls, not to mention the precarity that goes into constantly representing radio as a “project”, alternating funding seems to best align with alternative media methods.
There is anticipation for wider support, too. Working together with Reset! Network, a European-wide initiative aimed at “promoting independent cultural and media actors,” ICRN has been forming guidelines for a systemic change that could secure spaces for similar initiatives within wider policy-making processes. These are a few of many exciting prospects in ICRN’s future, and the future of like-minded independent new forms of media activity. At their core is the sentiment of acting together: trans-locally, uniquely, and in solidarity.
And with the glimpse of answers, there comes a glimpse of hope. The invitation referred to in the first paragraph of this text is a symptom of a broader philosophy behind what a community media network is and can do. That is: to be a good host to everyone, anyone, and each other, in studios, public forums, and hometowns. Michael Holland from Tirkultura has referred to the interconnectedness of people, dreams, and obstacles that makes up ICRN as a “fuzzy network”. It is indeed fuzzy: hard to grasp and constantly evolving. Based on more than a common goal, but a warm fuzzy feeling – one you get when tuning in to a community radio broadcast. One that you get from a support system, or when you find out there are some exciting cultural things happening in the independent media landscape in Europe. ICRN is surely one of them.
Photos: Ieva Černiauskaitė, ICRN networking trip to IDA Tallinn studio, September 2022
How does the presence of independent community radio stations contribute to the diversity of media voices and the democratization of information in Europe?